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Salmon Fish

Updated: Jun 24, 2023

Salmon is the common name for many ray-finned fish species belonging to the Salmonidae family. Trout, char, grayling, and whitefish are all members of the same family. Salmon are native to the North Atlantic (genus Salmo) and Pacific Ocean (genus Salmo) (genus Oncorhynchus). Many salmon species have been introduced into non-native areas such as North America's Great Lakes and South America's Patagonia. In many parts of the world, salmon are intensively farmed.

Salmon are usually anadromous, meaning they hatch in fresh water, migrate to the ocean, and then reproduce in fresh water. Several animals, on the other hand, are limited to fresh water throughout their lives. According to legend, the fish spawn in the same place where they hatched. This has been shown to be largely accurate in tracking studies. A percentage of a returning salmon run can stray and spawn in different freshwater systems; the percentage of straying varies by salmon species. Olfactory memory has been shown to play a role in homing activity. Salmon have been around since the Neogene era.

Salmon Fish
Salmon Fish

Species of Salmon:

The word "salmon" comes from the Latin salmo, which may have come from the word salire, which means "to jump." The nine commercially important salmon species are divided into two genera. The Atlantic salmon, which can be found in the North Atlantic, belongs to the genus Salmo, as do several other species known as trout. There are eight species of Oncorhynchus in the genus Oncorhynchus, all of which are found only in the North Pacific. These are referred to as Pacific salmon as a whole. New Zealand and Patagonia have also introduced Chinook salmon. In Patagonia, coho, freshwater sockeye, and Atlantic salmon have all been created.

Varieties of Salmons:

  1. Atlantic Salmon

  2. Chinook Salmon

  3. Chum Salmon

  4. Coho Salmon

  5. Masu Salmon

  6. Pink Salmon

  7. Sockeye Salmon

  8. Australian Salmon

  9. Norwegian Salmon

  10. Hawaiian Salmon

  11. Indian Salmon

  12. Tasmania Salmon

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Arnab Dhar

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